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  #1   ^
Old Mon, Aug-25-03, 15:45
gotbeer's Avatar
gotbeer gotbeer is offline
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Default "USDA: Americans getting cheesier"

USDA: Americans getting cheesier

Average consumer eats 30 pounds of cheese a year

Monday, August 25, 2003 Posted: 10:55 AM EDT (1455 GMT)


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WASHINGTON (AP) -- Shredded cheddar or Parmesan adds zest to salads. Soft, gooey mozzarella is a must for pizza. Burgers are blanketed with melting slices of American, Swiss or Monterey Jack.

Cheese is everywhere, and consumers are eating more of it than ever before -- a trend that has been on the rise since the mid-1940s, the Agriculture Department says. A typical consumer now eats 30 pounds of cheese a year, far more than the 6-pound annual average of 1944.

Don Blayney, a department economist, said people are eating more cheese mostly because many restaurants and eateries are putting it on all sorts of dishes.

"That 30 pounds includes all of the cheese that you would get on a pizza and all of the cheese you would get on a burger," he said. "And if you look at cheese consumption, only about 20 percent or 35 percent is through grocery stores, so the rest of the cheese is going into different outlets -- the hotels, the restaurants, the fast food outlets."

Pizza is largely to blame for the jump in cheese consumption, Blayney said.

In 1990, pizzerias bought $1.4 billion worth of pizza cheese. By last year, they bought $2.5 billion worth, according to the National Association of Pizzeria Operators. They account for more than half of all cheese sales.

Pizza Hut, owned by Yum! Brands, is the largest pizza chain and the largest buyer of cheese. It uses more than 300 million pounds of cheese for its pizzas every year.

Although consumers are eating all sorts of cheese, mozzarella, the common pizza topping, and cheddar are the most popular. Consumers gobbled as much as 9 pounds of each in 2001, the Agriculture Department said.

Cheesemakers clearly are profiting from the craze. Joan Behr, a spokeswoman for the farmer-owned cooperative Foremost Farms USA, said production is gradually increasing with the rise in demand. The cheese cooperative is making $1 billion in annual sales.

The Wisconsin-based manufacturer turned out 347 million pounds of cheese in 1995. Last year, the cooperative made 496 million pounds. It makes all types of cheese -- Muenster, Colby, cheddar, provolone and Monterey Jack, among others. Much of it is sold to restaurants.

Contributor to obesity?
To make cheese, processors add a protein called rennet to milk to make it curdle. As curd forms, workers stir it, heat it and drain the liquid whey. They then collect or press the curd to make cheese.

Processors create a flavor by curing the cheese at certain temperatures and storing it at different moisture levels. Manufacturers in the United States produce over 300 different kinds, according to the National Dairy Council.

Cheese is cheap, partly because of high milk production. Farm prices for cheddar are about $1.50 per pound -- 10 cents below the price of a few years ago. Consumers pay about $3.70 per pound for cheddar at the supermarket.

Cheese is a source of calcium and protein, but the watchdog group Center for Science in the Public Interest worries that people are eating too much of it. Margo Wootan, director of nutrition at the center, said cheese is one of the fatty products contributing to the nation's obesity problem.

"People think of (cheese) as a health food when really it's quite calorically dense, and it's just loaded with fat," Wootan said.

Because some milk products are high in saturated fat, the Agriculture Department recommends in its dietary guidelines that only the young and people over age 50 should have three servings a day. For people age 19 to 50, two servings are sufficient.

The Center for Science in the Public Interest is disturbed by the dairy industry's new promotion campaign, "3-A-Day for Stronger Bones," which encourages eating the maximum three servings per day. The center argues that the campaign could lead consumers to overindulge.

"Cheese -- people will talk about what a great source of calcium it is, but the damage that saturated fat can do to your heart is much more than the health benefits to your bones," said Wootan. "There are healthful ways of getting of calcium without clogging your arteries."

An ounce of cheddar cheese contains 6 grams of saturated fat -- about one-third of the government's recommended daily intake.

A cheddar craving
The National Dairy Council, which is spending $40 million on advertising this year, argues that most people aren't eating enough dairy products to meet the government recommendations.

"People aren't getting enough calcium," said Deanna Rose, a spokeswoman for the group.

Rose noted that several lowfat cheeses, like feta and mozzarella, are widely available at supermarkets. An ounce of either has 4 grams of saturated fat.

Dr. Neal Barnard, president of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, has a theory about why some people are eating more cheese.

"It's addictive," said Barnard, who believes consumers would be healthier if they stopped eating meat and dairy products.

Citing a 1981 study by Wellcome Research Laboratories in North Carolina and a 2000 study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, Barnard said cheese appears to be addictive because it contains casein, a fine milk protein that is found in products from chocolate to cosmetics.

"Casein breaks apart in your digestive tract to release casomorphines," Barnard said. "These are opiates."

The National Dairy Council said it doubts that cheese has a drug-like effect on people.
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  #2   ^
Old Mon, Aug-25-03, 20:38
alaskaman alaskaman is offline
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So why would they bring in that old crock, Bernard, in a story about cheese? I'll know the tide has turned if they do a story about flour or something, and bring in someone who points out the deadly, addictive qualities of carbohydrates. Barnard and his PCRM are worse than fools - they are cranks, ideologues who care nothing for my blood sugars or your cholesterol levels or weight loss.
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  #3   ^
Old Tue, Aug-26-03, 08:20
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Elihnig Elihnig is offline
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Ah! Behold, the power of cheese!

Quote:
"It's addictive," said Barnard, who believes consumers would be healthier if they stopped eating meat and dairy products.


Cheese can be addictive but it's usually not nearly as strong as sugar addiction. And if we all stopped eating meat and dairy products we'd be in a real nutrition/heath care crisis.

As for keeping cheese to 3 servings per day...I can do that .


Beth
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  #4   ^
Old Tue, Aug-26-03, 09:45
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mind-full mind-full is offline
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The information on the pizza angle in the article is interesting. Couple the large amount of cheese (I'm betting at least a pound per pizza, and many people go the "extra cheese" route) and the fact that the average person eats far more slices of pizza than they should -- a few plate's full, rather than a normal meal serving, and add in the carbs they're loading along with it ...

But it's the fault of cheese alone, eh?

I bet if they surveyed a group of low-carbers they could put that 30-lbs. of cheese per year a whole lot higher.
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  #5   ^
Old Tue, Aug-26-03, 10:24
gotbeer's Avatar
gotbeer gotbeer is offline
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Just finished three big pieces of pepperoni / sausage / mushroom pizza (leaving the crusts behind, of course). I've got a snack of bleu cheese waiting for me in the fridge for later this PM.

I think it (the cheese increase) may all be my fault.

Oh, well.

Yum.
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